US Oil Consumption through history.
In a fit of nostalgia this morning, I thought it might be interesting to look at the history of energy consumption in the US. Despite conservation, we are using more and more energy every year. This is not entirely a bad thing. That energy is powering an ever expanding array of technology that is making our lives easier, more enjoyable, and more productive. While we certainly need to reduce our use of oil, and convert to alternative and renewable sources of energy across the board, Let us not condemn our lifestyle or our technology We should rather find a better way to power it. When we discover Warp Drive, or transporters, or even the Holo-deck, they are going to require vastly more amounts of energy!
Please note. These numbers are for comparison purposes. We not only import Crude oil, but also products such as gasoline, and additives used in refining. This often amounts to 6-8% of the actual crude we import. Trying to seperate these numbers would overly complicate this page. So...
- Total input to refineries is how much Crude oil (only) was used. It Does not include
imported gasoline or additives. It can, however, include crude oil
input from storage stockpiles, so it may
be larger than imports & domestic production.
- Total Imported Crude and products is the total amount
of crude & products imported where available
Actual Crude oil imports will be 6-8% less than this.
- Total imported Crude is imported crude oil only from all sources.
- Total domestic production is the amount of crude oil the US produced that month.
- I have also included daily average gasoline and diesel consumption during that month.
Below is a sampling of how much Oil this country used during various times in it’s history. I gathered this information from a wide variety of sources, including my own personal collection of old books and encyclopedias. These are averages, and reported in Barrels per day. I will start at the present, and work our ways back, because that is how I want to do it.
September 2009 – Current(US Population 307,006,550)
|Total input to refineries||14,600,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||11,721,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude||9,223,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production||5,444,000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed||8,779,000||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||4,099,000||Barrels per day|
September 2004 - 5 years ago (US Population 293,045,739)
Registered vehicles: 243,010,539 Passenger Cars: 136,430,651 Comm Aircraft: 8,186
|Total input to refineries||15,254,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||13,438,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude||9,697,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production||5,062,000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed||7,993,000||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||3,625,000||Barrels per day|
September 1994 – 15 years ago(US Population 260,289,237)
Registered vehicles: 201,801,921 Passenger Cars: 127,883,469 Comm Aircraft: 7,370
|Total input to refineries||14,506,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||9,693,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude||7,868,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production||6,609,000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed||7,246,000||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||3,285,000||Barrels per day|
September 1984 – 25 years ago(US Population 235,824,902)
(1985) - Registered vehicles: 177,133,282 Passenger Cars: 127,885,193 Comm Aircraft: 4,678
|Total input to refineries||12,565,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||5,252,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude||3,342,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production||8,993,000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed||6,516,000||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||2,707,000||Barrels per day|
September 1974 – 35 years ago(US Population 213,853,928)
(1975) - Registered vehicles: 137,912,779 Passenger Cars: 106,705,934 Comm Aircraft: 2,495
|Total input to refineries||12,270,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||6,052,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude||3,797,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production||8,443,000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed||6,453,000||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||2,552,000||Barrels per day|
Numbers for some of the older data have been estimated as concise data does not appear to exist.
Where denoted as actual, they are derived from 'hard' data.
September 1959 – 50 years ago(US Population 177,829,628)
(1960) - Registered vehicles: 74,431,800 Passenger Cars: 61,671,390 Comm Aircraft: 2,135
|Total input to refineries (Estimated)||7,750,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||Not Available||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude (actual)||983,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production (Actual)||6,857,000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed||4,072,000||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||1,745,000||Barrels per day|
September 1934 – 75 years ago(US Population 126,373,773)
(1934) - Registered vehicles: 25,261,710 Passenger Cars: 21,544,727 Comm Aircraft: No Data
|Total input to refineries (Estimated)||2,700,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||Not Available||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude (actual)||98,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production (actual)||2,525,000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed (See Notes)||1,043,000||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||Not Available||Barrels per day|
Note: The amount of oil used, and the fact we imported a portion from Mexico surprised me. This data was based on an old newspaper article I found. Seen notes below for the link.
September 1920 – 89 years ago(US Population 106,461,000)
(1919) - Registered vehicles: 7,558,848 Passenger Cars: No Data Comm Aircraft: No Data
|Total Oil Consumption (Estimated)||1,200,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude and products||Not Applicable||Barrels per day|
|Total Imported Crude (Mexico)||167,000||Barrels per day|
|Total Domestic Oil Production||1,211, 000||Barrels per day|
|Gasoline Consumed||36,548||Barrels per day|
|Diesel Fuel Consumed||Not Applicable||Barrels per day|
- Figures for 1920 are primarily taken from a
March 13, 1921 article on Oil in the New York Times.
- Gasoline consumption for 1934 was estimated
from a letter to the Editor of Time Magazine Jun 10, 1935.
- Comm Aircraft is Commercial pasenger aircraft (air carrier) It does not include General Aviation.
- Numbers of vehicles newer than 1935 are from the BTS. SUV's and pickup trucks are NOT included in the passenger car count. This would explain some of the significant increased difference between that and total vehicles through the 90's & 2000's. http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table_01_11.html
- I got the vehicle figures for 1920 from this article: http://www.railsandtrails.com/AutoFacts/1920p20-100-8.jpg
- Here is another source of Vehicle registration data from DOT: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/Summary95/mv200.pdf